Traditionally, pine essential oil was used for the respiratory system particularly for old coughs. The seeds were eaten by Egyptians and native peoples used the needles as a bed for sleeping. Greeks suggested boiling the cones with horehound and honey for coughs and later the young shoots were flattened and added to bath water to alleviate rheumatic pain and nervous exhaustion. Pine trees grow 130' high and they are the pine trees that have a flat crown. The pine essential oil is extracted through steam distillation method of the needles. Pines are native to Europe and Asia especially Russia and Finland and they are also cultivated in Eastern US and Canada.
Pine essential oil can be used for inhalation, diffusion or may be applied topically, but with care. As for safety issues, pine essential oil may be sensitive to some kinds of skin and the oil has to be diluted with either a good vegetable oil or massage oil. Pine essential oil is used for problems like asthma, pulmonary infections, bronchitis, diabetes, severe infections, rheumatoid arthritis, and sinusitis. The oil can also help as a good first aide for cuts, cysts, fatigue, gout, lice, nervous exhaustion, scabies, skin parasites, sores, stress, and urinary infection.
When there is problem of low blood pressure, the usage of pine essential oil may help increase blood pressure and stimulate the adrenal glands and the circulatory system. When added to bath water, pine essential oil act as a great rejuvenator physically and mentally. It is also considered a tonic for the lungs, kidneys and nerves and it is considered as one of the most effective oils for fatigue and nervous weakness. Pine oil is psychologically stimulating and it revitalizes the body, mind, spirit, opens the chest, encourages positive attitude and restores self-confidence. Pine essential oil is anti-diabetic and a hormone balancer. It acts as cortisone and anti-microbial antiseptic.
Pine essential oil is a colourless to pale yellow essential oil and depending on the source of the oil it may either have a fresh, earthy and forest like fragrance or a powerful, dry, balsamic, turpentine-like odour. This oil is also called fir leaf oil or oleum folii pini sylvestris, but pine oil should not be confused with pine nut oil. Pine nut oil, which is also referred to as pinon, pine kernel, or Indian nut, is a vegetable oil mostly used for cooking and it is extracted from the seeds of the pine tree. Pine oil comes from trees of the genus Pinus and there are different varieties of pine.
The dwarf pine needle or the Pinus mugo is one variety which is tall and shrub like harvested from the Alps Mountains in Switzerland. This variety of pine is used in Europe for healing skin and scalp diseases. Long leaf pine or turpentine also called Pinus palustris is another variety which grows up to 15 feet in height. This originated from the United States and is popularly used for American gum spirits of turpentine. The Native American uses this to prevent scurvy. The other variety of pine is the Scotch pine or Norway pine, Pinus sylvestris, and this variety of pine tree has a reddish brown and deeply split bark which grows pair of long, stiff needles. This variety of pine is grown in the Baltic States and the oil extracted from this variety is hypertensive and tonic stimulant.
Pine essential oil is used as fragrance in soaps, creams, detergents, and many pharmaceutical preparations, analgesic ointments, nasal decongestants, and cough and cold medicines. The oil is also used as a flavouring component in many edible products, including alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, baked goods, confectionery, frozen dairy desserts, gelatines, and puddings. Pine essential oil is an effective insect repellent. The oil is used to protect the wool sweaters from moths and other insects. One can use this by pouring 10 drops of pine oil onto small pieces of untreated wood and the pieces of wood can be placed in the closets or drawers to keep the moths and other insects away.
As Air Freshener
Pine essential oil is widely used as air freshener. It effectively eliminates the smell of cigarettes and stale air. One can add four drops of the pine oil to one cup of water and the well shaken mixture can be poured in a spray bottle and sprayed for instant freshening up of the room. Pine essential can be blended with juniper berry oil, rosemary oil and jojoba oil and used as massage oil before and after exercise. Pine oil has antimicrobial, antiseptic, antifungal, anti-neuralgic, and anti-rheumatic properties and it also works as a good Private Label CBG and expectorant for respiratory ailments.
Pine essential oil has the ability to naturally cure many other health conditions. It eases muscular stiffness and rheumatism and relaxes the body when added in bath. It motivates healthy metabolism and boosts activity levels. Pine essential oil helps eliminate excess water, uric acid, salt and fat through urination and it neutralizes free radicals with its rich antioxidant properties. It is used for the cure of urinary tract infection and pine essential oil has a relatively low human toxicity level, a low corrosion level and limited persistence. In some cases it irritates the skin and mucous membranes and has been known to cause breathing problems. Large doses may cause central nervous system depression.
Pine oil contains 50 to 97 % monoterpene hydrocarbons, of which 60 to 65 % is a-terpineol. It also has car-3-ene, dipentene, β-pinene, a-terpinene, y-terpinene, bornyl acetate, cadinene, sylvestrene, and camphene. Pine oil blends well with botanical essential oils like cedarwood, rosemary, sage, labdanum, and juniper. The essential oil is extracted by steam distillation of fresh twigs and needles of the pine tree and sometimes sawdust from the hard wood is also used. In order to extract the oil, the botanical material is placed in a still and is passed through extremely high temperatures. The most common ways to use pine oil are orally, topically, and through inhalation.
In aromatherapy, pine oil is used for cuts, lice, excessive perspiration, scabies, sores on the skin, arthritis, gout, muscular aches and pains, asthma, bronchitis, common colds and flu, and stress-related conditions such as neuralgia. It is better to do a skin test before applying the oil in large portions on the skin. The pine essential oil should ideally be diluted with other carrier oils.